List of References

Primary Sources

Cartulaire de l’Église du Saint Sépulcre de Jérusalem. Edited by M. Eugène de Rozière. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1849.

Cartulaire Générale de l’ordre des Hospitaliers de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem (1100-1310). Edited by J. Delaville le Roulx. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1894–1906.

Chronique de Michel le Syrian, Patriarch Jacobite d’Antioche (1166-1199). Translated by J.B. Chabot. 3 vols. Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1899.

The Chronography of Gregory Abu’l Faraj the son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician commonly known as Bar Hebraeus. Translated by Ernest A. Wallis Budge. London: Oxford University Press, 1932.

The Damascus Chronicle of the Crusades. Extracted and Translated from the Chronicle of Ibn Al-Qalanisi. Edited by H.A.R. Gibb. New York: Dover Publications, 2011.

Documenti sulle relazioni delle citta toscane coll’oriente crsitano e coi Turchi fino all’anno 1531. Edited by G. Müller. Florence: Societa multigrafica editrice, 1966.

The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, Volume 6. Edited by Marjorie Chibnall. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

Gullaume de Tyr, Chronique. Translated by R.B.C. Huygens. Turnhout: Brepols, 1986.

“Histoire anonyme des rois de Jerusalem.” Translated by Charles Kohler. Revue de l’Orient Latin 5 (1987): 213–253.

O City of Byzantium: The Annals of Niketas Choniates. Translated by Harry J. Magoulias. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1984.

Die Urkunden der Lateinischen Könige von Jerusalem. Edited by H.E. Mayer and Jean Richard. Hannover: Hahnsche Buchhandlung, 2010.


Secondary Sources

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Barber, Malcolm. The Crusader States. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012.

Brundage, James A. “Marriage Law in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.” In Outremer: Studies in the History of the Crusading Kingdom of Jerusalem presented to Joshua Prawer, edited by. B.Z. Kedar, H.E. Mayer, and R.C. Smail, 258–271. Jerusalem: Izhak Ben-Zvi Institut, 1982.

Claster, Jill N. Sacred Violence: The European Crusades to the Middle East, 1095-1396. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009.

Dutton, Kathryn. “Crusading and Political Culture under Geoffrey, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy, 1129-51.” French Historical Studies 29 (2015): 414–444.

Earenfight, Theresa. “Absent Kings: Queens as Political Partners in the Medieval Crown of Aragon.” In Queenship and Political Power in Medieval and Early Modern Spain, edited by Theresa Earenfight, 33–54. Farnham: Ashgate 2005.

———. The King’s Other Body: Maria of Castile and the Crown of Aragon. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.

Edbury, Peter. “Women and the Customs of the High Court of Jerusalem according to John of Ibelin.” in Chemins d’outre mer, Volume 1, 285–292. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2004.

Folda, Jaroslav. “A Twelfth-Century Prayerbook for the Queen of Jerusalem.” Medieval Perspectives 8 (1993): 1–13.

———. “Melisende of Jerusalem: Queen and Patron of Art and Architecture in the Crusader Kingdom.” In Reassessing the Roles of Women “Makers” of Medieval Art and Architecture, Volume 1, edited by Therese Martin, 429–477. Leiden: Brill, 2012.  

Gaudette, Helen A. The Piety, Power and Patronage of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem’s Queen Melisende. PhD thesis, City University of New York, 2005.

Gerish, Deborah. “Holy War, Royal Wives, and Equivocation in Twelfth-Century Jerusalem.” In Noble Ideals and Bloody Realities, edited by Niall Christie and Maya Yazigig, 119–144. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Hamilton, Bernard. “Women in the Crusader States: The Queens of Jerusalem (1100-1190).” Studies in Church History Subsidia 1 (1978): 143–174.

Hodgson, Natasha. “Nobility, Women and Historical Narratives of the Crusades and the Latin East.” Al-Masaq: Journal of the Medieval Mediterranean 17, no. 1 (2005): 61–85.

———. Women, Crusading and the Holy Land in Historical Narrative. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2007.  

Hollister, C. Warren. “Normandy, France and Anglo-Norman Regnum.” Speculum 51 (1976): 202–242.

Huneycutt, Lois L. “Female Succession and the Language of Power in the Writings of Twelfth-Century Churchmen.” Medieval Queenship, edited by John Carmi Parsons. 189–202. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.

Jordan, Erin L. “Hostage, Sister, Abbess: The Edgy Life of Iveta of Jerusalem.” Medieval Prosopography 32 (2017): 66–86.

———. “Women of Antioch: Political Culture and Female Rule in the Latin East.” In Medieval Elite Women and the Exercise of Power, 1100-1400, edited by Heather Tanner, 225–246. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019.

Kühnel, Bianca. “The Kingly Statement of the Bookcovers of Queen Melisende’s Psalter.” Tesserae: Festschrift Für Josef Engemann, 340–357. Munster: Aschendorffsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1991.

Lambert, Sarah. “Queen or Consort: Rulership and Politics in the Latin East, 1118-1228.” In Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe, edited by Anne Duggan, 153–169. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1997.

la Monte, John. Feudal Monarchy in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 1100-1291. Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy of America, 1932.

———. “The Lords of Le Puiset in the Crusades.” Speculum 17 (1942): 100–118.

Lewis, Andrew W. “Anticipatory Association of the Heir in Early Capetian France.” American Historical Review 83 (1976): 906–927.

Mayer, H.E. “Angevins versus Normans. The New Men of King Fulk of Jerusalem.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 133 (1989): 1–25.

———. “Etudes sur l’histoire de Baudouin Ier roi de Jérusalem.” In Mélanges sur l’histoire du royaume latin de Jérusalem, edited by H.E. Mayer, 73–91. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1983.

———. “Jérusalem et Antioche au temps de Bauduoin II.” Comptes rendues des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 4 (1980): 717–734.

———. “Manasses of Hierges in East and West.” Revue belge de philologie et d’histoire 66 (1988): 757–766.

———. “Studies in the History of Queen Melisende of Jerusalem.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 26 (1972): 95–182.

———. “The Succession to Baldwin II of Jerusalem: English Impact on the East.” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 39 (1985): 139–147.

———. “The Wheel of Fortune: Seignorial Vicissitudes under Kings Fulk and Baldwin III of Jerusalem.” Speculum 65 (1990): 860–877.

Murray, Alan V. “Dynastic Continuity or Dynastic Change? The Accession of Baldwin II and the Nobility of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.” Medieval Prosopography 13 (1992): 1–28.

———. “ Kingship, Identity and Name-giving in the Family of Baldwin of Bourcq.” In Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, presented to Malcolm Barber, edited by Norman Housley, 27–38. New York: Routledge, 2017.

———. The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Dynastic History, 1099-1125. Oxford: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2000.

———. “Women in the Royal Succession of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1291).” In Mächtige Frauen? Koniginnen und Fürstinnen in europäischen Mittelalter, 11-14. Jahrhundert, edited by Claudia Zey, 131–162. Ostfildren: Verlagsgruppe Patmos, 2015.

Pick, Lucy K. Her Father’s Daughter: Gender, Power and Religion in the Early Spanish Kingdom. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2017.

Prawer, Joshua. “La noblesse et le régime féodal du royaume latin de Jérusalem.” Le moyen âge 52 (1959): 41–74.

Schein, Sylvia. “Women in Medieval Colonial Society: The Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 12th Century.” In Gendering the Crusades, edited by Susan B. Edgington and Sarah Lambert, 140–153. Columbia: Columbia University Press, 2001.

Riley-Smith, Jonathan. “Families, Crusades and Settlement in the Latin East, 1102-1131.” In Die Kreuzfahrerstaaten als multikultuerelle Gesellschaft, edited by H.E. Mayer and Elisabeth Muller-Luckner, 1–12. Munchen: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 1997.

Runciman, Steven. The Families of Outremer. The Feudal Nobility of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1291. London: Athlone Press, 1960.

Tibble, Steven. Monarchy and Lordships in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1291. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.